Instructions for Authors

Authors please note the following:

  • All submissions of manuscripts must be in MS Word format (.doc or .docx).
  • References must be in APA 6th edition format (see
  • Manuscripts must be between 3,000 and 5,000 words (excluding abstract, references, and tables).
  • Abstract must be limited to 150 words.
  • Between four to six keywords or terms needs to be supplied.
  • The Journal uses American English.
  • All text will be in font type Palatino Linotype. Text will be size 9. Manuscript title, size 14. First level headings are in full capitals, size 9. Second level headings are normal sentence capitalisation, italics, size 9. Third level headings are discouraged. References, size 8.
  • Appendices are discouraged, and inclusion is by negotiation with the Editor-in-Chief.
  • Figures need to be high quality images and without borders. Scans are discouraged but if explicitly required can be included.
  • Graphs should have no borders, include a clear standalone caption below describing content of the graph, and if using more than one data-line also include a legend (without borders).
  • Colours may be used for figures and graphs only if these are discernibly different when printed black and white.
  • Tables should have minimal formatting. Horizontal borderlines are generally limited to the top and bottom of the table, and just below the column headings. Vertical borderlines are discouraged.
  • Photographs are discouraged.

Review Process and Final Publication

All manuscripts, if deemed relevant to the Journal’s audience (see introductory statement on APJCE main page), will be double blind reviewed by two reviewers or more. Manuscripts submitted to the Journal with authors names included with have the authors’ names removed by the Editor-in-Chief before being reviewed to ensure anonymity.

Typically, authors receive the reviewers’ comments between one and two months after the submission of the manuscript. The Journal uses a constructive process for review and preparation of the manuscript, and encourages its reviewers to give extensive feedback on what is required to improve the manuscript as well as guidance on how to make the amendments.

If the manuscript is deemed acceptable for publication, and reviewers’ comments have been satisfactorily addressed, the manuscript is prepared for publication by the Copy Editor. The Copy Editor may correspond with the authors to check details, if required. Final publication of the manuscript is via the Journal webpage, authors will be notified and sent a PDF copy of the final manuscript. There is no charge for publishing in APJCE.

Final publication is by discretion of the Editor-in-Chief.

Types of Manuscripts Sought by the Journal

Types of manuscripts the Journal seeks are primarily of two forms; research reports describing research into aspects of Cooperative Education and Work Integrated Learning/Education, and topical discussion articles that review relevant literature and give critical explorative discussion around a topical issue.

Research reports should contain; an introduction that describes relevant literature and sets the context of the inquiry, a description and justification for the methodology employed, a description of the research findings-tabulated as appropriate, a discussion of the importance of the findings including their significance for practitioners, and a conclusion preferably incorporating suggestions for further research.

Topical discussion articles should contain a clear statement of the topic or issue under discussion, reference to relevant literature, critical discussion of the importance of the issues, and implications for other researchers and practitioners.

Best practice and program description papers. The Journal also seeks manuscripts describing a co-op/WIL program as an example of best practice, only if it presents a particularly unique or innovative practice of Co-op/WIL or is situated in an unusual context. Manuscripts describing what would be deemed as a ‘typical’ or ‘common’ co-op/WIL program will be encouraged to rewrite the focus of the manuscript to unusual aspects or issues within their programme rather than to focus on the program per se.

The Journal also accepts a small number of Book Reviews of relevant and recently published books.

A Brief Guide to APA Citation and Bibliographical Listing for References

Comprehensive details of APA style and format for manuscripts are described in the Publication Manual and further detail is available from the APA website. The main points regarding the citation of references are noted here.

Use of citation of references in text is based on author(s) surname (omitting initials) and year of publication, for example, (Smit, 2011). If two or more publications are cited, they appear in brackets, ordered alphabetically of first author, separated by a semicolon, for example, (Janzoon, 2009; Smit, 2011; Zeestraaten & Balkenende, 2001).

All authors are listed at first citation and subsequent citations of the same work with three or more authors is shorten to first author and ‘et al’, for example, (Smit, Sonneveld, Janzoon & van Berkel, 2011) and subsequent citation of (Smit et al, 2011). There is an exception for citations with more than five authors, where at first citation only the first author is listed followed by et al. (but list all authors in the bibliography).

References in the bibliography are listed alphabetically in order of author(s) surname and initials, followed by alphabetical placing of subsequent authors if there are subsequent authors – with preference to no subsequent authors (i.e., nothing precedes something), followed by date (earliest first). Thus in the bibliography list, Tasman, A. (2011) is listed before Tasman, A., & Cook, J. (2009), but Tasman, A., & Cook, J. (2009) is listed before Tasman, P. (2008), and Tasman, P. (2008) is listed before Tasman, P. (2009).

Examples of APA Format for Bibliographies

Journal Article

Allen, J.M., & Peach, D. (2011). Assessing for work integrated learning experiences: A pre-service teacher perspective. Asia-Pacific Journal of Cooperative Education, 12(1), 1-17

Hume, A., & Coll, R.K. (2010). Authentic student inquiry: The mismatch between the intended curriculum and the student-experienced curriculum. Research in Science & Technological Education, 28(1), 43-62.

Conference Paper Presentation

Lay, M., & Paku, L. (2011, April). Using Twitter to enhance reflective practice on work placements. Paper presented at the New Zealand Association for Cooperative Education 2011 Conference, Napier, New Zealand.

Sweeney, M., & Twomey, P. (1997, August). Preparing graduates for 2020: The role of cooperative education. Paper presented at the tenth world conference on cooperative education, Cape Town, South Africa.

Conference Proceedings

Forbes, A. (2011). Evidence of learning in reflective practice: A case study of computer-assisted analysis of students’ reflective blogs. In: K.E. Zegwaard (Ed.), New Zealand Association for Cooperative Education 2011 Conference Proceedings (pp. 11-14). Napier, New Zealand: New Zealand Association for Cooperative Education.

Zegwaard, K.E., & Campbell, M. (2011). Development towards a professional values framework: Community and practitioners perspective. In: K.E. Zegwaard (Ed.), New Zealand Association for Cooperative Education 2011 Conference Proceedings (pp. 39-43). Napier, New Zealand: New Zealand Association for Cooperative Education.

Chapter in a Book

Eames, C., & Cates, C. (2011). Theories of learning in cooperative and work-integrated education. In: R.K. Coll & K.E. Zegwaard (Eds.), International handbook for cooperative and work-integrated education: International perspective of the theory, research and practice(pp. 41-52). Lowell, MA: World Association for Cooperative Education.

De Luca, R. (2010). Using narrative for ethical thinking. In: A. Jones, A. McKim & M. Reiss (Eds.), Ethics in the science and technology classroom: A new approach to teaching and learning (pp. 87-102). Rotterdam, The Netherlands: Sense Publishers.


Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2011). Research methods in education (7th ed.). London, UK: Routledge.

Cooper, L., Orrell, J., & Bowden, M. (2010). Work-integrated learning: A guide to effective practice. New York, NY: Routledge.